Important Readings on The Jallikattu Ban

My Facebook post on 14th January

Now regarding this Jallikattu ban, I don’t care if it’s your tradition religion sport or whatever, you just need to tone down your aggressive demands for this hypermasculine violent culture in which women have absolutely no participation. Each and every image of Jallikattu I have ever seen is about men, unbelievably large crowds of men torturing a bull. What on earth are we celebrating? If this is the sum total of your identity and culture then you need to rethink. Why such an exclusively male culture? Where are the women? Oh I know they stay indoors doing the dirty work of feeding you and cleaning yours and your bull’s shit so that you can bring home medals of your valour. I know they will give me a lecture on how this shows Women’s contribution. Of course, whole bloody patriarchal system is running on women’s blood and sweat.

//Whole Jallikattu ban is non-issue. Politicians and people of TN have nothing better to do than defying SC order? All other problems solved? Poverty, farmer’s suicide, female infanticide, VAW all eradicated? Why its important to play a sport?// Exactly the kind of arguments, these same custodian of masculine patriarchal culture, would give when women seek Sabrimala entry. They always ask women to prioritize their rights. Right to fun/pleasure trivialized over right to survive. Temple entry is a small matter, why so obsessed about it, first educate girls, give them jobs. Yet somehow playing this violent masculine sport is TN’s biggest priority.

Jallikattu protests: Leaderless on Marina Beach, they kept the leaders away

Jallikattu protest: A group of 50 protesters had gathered on Tuesday morning for a day long protest which later turned into a massive gathering of over 3,000 people.

Written by Arun Janardhanan | Chennai | Updated: January 19, 2017 3:24 pm
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/jallikattu-protest-chennai-tamil-nadu-marina-beach-bulltaming-sport-4479722/

Slipping Hold

How the jallikattu ban threatens indigenous cattle breeds and rural livelihoods in Tamil Nadu
By APARNA KARTHIKEYAN 1 October 2016
http://www.caravanmagazine.in/reportage/slipping-hold-jallikattu-ban-threatens-indigenous-cattle-breeds-rural-livelihoods-tamil-nadu

You’ll Be Killed If You Try And Harm a Jallikattu Bull: CS Amudhan

https://www.thequint.com/entertainment/2017/01/12/jallikattu-and-i-tamil-filmmaker-cs-amudhans-unique-take-on-the-bull-fighting-festival-during-pongal

Is disrespecting a woman Tamil culture?’ Trisha asks the vulgar trolls among Jallikattu supporters

The actor tweeted that she was shocked to see the filthy language and made her stance on Jallikattu clear

Having come under vulgar attacks online and at her shoot in Tamil Nadu over the past couple of days for her supposed statements ‘opposing Jallikattu’, actor Trisha has hit back at those who took to creating vulgar memes and abusive posters about her. In a series of tweets, she also clarified that she had never made any statements opposing Jallikattu.

http://www.thenewsminute.com/article/disrespecting-woman-tamil-culture-trisha-asks-vulgar-trolls-among-jallikattu-supporters

As jallikattu supporters grow more insistent, Dalit voices of protest against bull-taming emerge
Sruthisagar Yamunan

Krishnaswamy offered several cultural, social and economic arguments against jallikattu, suggesting that it is not as inclusive a pastime as is being projected. The Dalit leader claimed that the sport is conducted in less than 20 villages in Tamil Nadu’s southern districts.

Though many protestors have suggested that bull taming is an important cultural symbol of all Tamils, Krishnaswamy advised caution. “Based on what evidence are such claims being made?” he asked.

https://scroll.in/article/827037/as-clamour-to-permit-jallikattu-grows-louder-dalit-voices-of-protest-emerge-against-the-sport

Jallikattu protests are really about Tamil masculinity, not tradition or preservation of bull species

TS Sudhir, Jan, 19 2017 15:19:16 IST

Secondly, bull taming is equivalent to veeram and pourusham it denotes macho Tamil nationalism. It goes with the image these stars project.

In villages like Alanganallur and Avaniyapuram in Madurai, home to grand jallikattu events, taming a bull on the rampage is usually a ticket to a woman’s heart. That is also the manner in which it has been portrayed in several Tamil films. It is this male honour and masculinity that is being dished out as Tamil culture now. Unfortunately, the machismo turned rogue when some pro-jallikattu elements trolled a female actor like Trisha with abuse of the worst kind because she was not seen to be supporting the sport. Under pressure, she fell in line.

http://www.firstpost.com/india/jallikattu-protests-are-really-about-tamil-masculinity-not-tradition-or-preservation-of-bull-species-3211184.html

Harmless Sport? People May Need Jallikattu, but the Bulls Don’t

Neha SinhaJanuary 13, 2017, 5:58 pm
The contention thus is: bulls are peaceful animals, and by its very nature, Jallikattu provokes this calm animal. Secondly, activists have documented cruelty towards the bulls just before Jallikattu : this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=coZvTRHt2m4) shows how bulls have suspicious liquid force-fed to them, their tails bitten or broken, and backs goaded by people just before entering the Jallikattu arena.

https://www.thequint.com/environment/2017/01/13/harmless-sport-people-may-need-jallikattu-but-the-bulls-dont

Jallikattu: Power play by caste bigwigs in villages Stalin Rajangam| May 12, 2014, 07.01 AM IST

Raising bulls and playing them in jallikattu is a form of power play by people who own bulls. Similarly, those who tame the bulls are taming the owners, in a sense. Those whose bulls get tamed in public feel they have lost respect.

In ‘Kamalambal Charithiram’ , the zameendar skins alive the bull that loses. We can find such portrayals in Tamil cinema too. In films such as Cheran Pandian, Rajakumaran and Murattukaalai, the conflict between the hero and the villain is portrayed through jallikattu, during which the owner whose bull loses shoots the bull. All these go to show who rules and which caste is dominant in villages. The film Murattukaalai (Raging Bull, 1983) that showed Rajini’s heroic bull taming prowess was the actor’s springboard to stardom.

Jallikattu as a Spectacle of Patriarchy

Yamini Narayanan

The domestication of the cow involved the maximum risk of death for humans who needed to get past ferocious, angry, and virile bulls to gain proximity to the cows. The spectacular rituals around bull sports involve young men who sought to demonstrate their virility, masculinity, and ultimately, their sexual domination of the raw potent power of an angry bull. Bull domestication spectacles were somewhat similar to symbolic demonstrations of military victories or prowess by nation-states, except that there was nothing tokenistic about this exhibition of ‘victory’ of man over bull. Harari notes that humans have nothing but cruelty as a defence or attack against large untamed animals, and the activists’ footage of Jallikattu as well as the long period of bull-training testifies to this.

http://www.thehinducentre.com/the-arena/current-issues/article8119877.ece

Jallikattu, matter of pride to assert authority on animal & women?

Archanaa Seker Published: 18th January 2017 04:00 AM

Kamal Hassan’s Singaravelan (1992) opens with him coaxing a bull that is wreaking havoc in the village into ‘behaving’ by merely talking. The climax of the same film has him pull out a whip and crack it threateningly before he leaps. In this scene, he’s getting the heroine to behave. And these two scenes in their contrasting.

visualisation of animal as person and person as animal, sums up for me the discussion on Tamil culture that is echoing across the state.

40-50% of Tamil Nadu’s agricultural labourers are women, and some bull breeders are women too, but the ‘Taming of the bull’ is an act reserved for the men. Even if we were to believe that science has not advanced enough to keep native breeds alive (a popular argument), how is a bunch of men hanging on to/piling upon/touching/hugging a bull for the longest possible time going to keep them alive? Like many other sports, Jallikattu worships toxic masculinity — the need to subjugate a being with less power to assert one’s own male authority. Though Jallikattu is being presented as a means to find the strongest bull, it is clearly a hunt for the strong male who can control the strongest bull. What then, the sport or the current sentiment is, are the ideas of masculinity and male honor dressed up as Tamil culture.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/opinions/2017/jan/18/jallikattu-matter-of-pride-to-assert-authority-on-animal–women-1560586.html

Rural women keep bull taming tradition alive DECCAN CHRONICLE

“Even if we don’t have food to eat, we ensure that our bulls eat sufficient food and undergo regular training,” said Vijayalakshmi. After the Supreme Court ban on the Jallikattu, Vijayalakshmi sent her two bulls to a relative’s house because she was pained to see them standing idle in the home.

Kavitha (29) from Keelvalavu village has been rearing a bull for the last two years hoping that this year her bull would participate in the Jallikattu. The bull turns furious if it spots men approaching it. “Only I can feed or take it for training,” she says, confidently adding that this year her bull will definitely win.

“More than the men, we love bull taming sports, because we nurture and train the bull for the sport. If our bulls win, it reflects our valour and braveness,” said Poovasakam (58) from Mattangiatti village, adding that if their bull loses in the game, they would abstain from eating for nearly a week.

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/160104/nation-current-affairs/article/rural-women-keep-bull-taming-tradition-alive

Jallikattu is Nothing But Animal Abuse and Machismo, Packaged as Tamil Culture and Tradition

ANONYMOUS

Jallikattu involves human-male combating animal-male for supremacy, and as advocates of jallikattu have confessed, the human-male/animal-male combat was historically only about the victor’s right to claim alpha male status in the local community two, three, four, five and now six thousand (the number of thousands rises with every telling) years ago, when Indian society did not have science for propagation of the species and shaadi.com and Tamil/Telugu/Kannada/Marathi matrimony was still in the human future. If the bull survived the collective human-male mauling in the jallikattu arena, it acquired the high status of alpha stud bull, which would be used to impregnate local cows for tried-and-tested breed superiority.

“Swayamvara” in the Indian tradition is a variation of the jallikattu theme. Far from being the woman’s right to choose her groom, “swayamvara” is actually about how patriarchy compelled the woman to offer herself as prize in the combat. The corollary being, she had to wed the victor of the competition even if the victor was unsuitable or ineligible in many different ways.

In this testosterone, adrenaline-driven world, women and animals have to submit to male desires; rejecting their advances or refusing to satisfy their desire for control invites swift and violent punishment; wife beating, rape, groping and molesting women in public places, internet trolling and threatening women with retribution for defying or rejecting patriarchal symbols of culture, “training” dogs, “breaking” horses, violently subduing captive elephants – abuse of women and animals stem from the same root. Women who support jallikattu, an inherently abusive and cruel masculine sport, like women ministers in government, women spokespersons of political parties, actors and women in other spheres of public life, who fail to see or refuse to see the common basis underlying the “objectifying” of women and animals do so as price for the privilege of being allowed to co-habit with men in Man’s World. It is indeed a sad day for humans when women lose their femininity and feminist understanding of the world we inhabit.

https://thewire.in/101273/jallikattu-animal-abuse-tamil-culture-tradition/

Banning Jallikattu Will Decimate India’s Indigenous Cattle Breeds

https://thewire.in/19157/banning-jallikattu-will-decimate-indias-indigenous-cattle-breeds/

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